el corpus del español

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The new 2016 Corpus del Español (Web-Dialects; CdE:New) contains about two billion words of data, which is about 100 times as much data as in the 1900s portion of the previous Corpus del Español (History-Genres; CdE:Old) . As a result, it provides much richer data on a wide range of phenomena. The following are just a few examples.


There are 422 verbs with a lemma frequency of between 300 and 500 in CdE:New. The following shows how many times these same verbs appear in CdE:Old. Of the 422 verbs in CdE:New, nearly three out of four verbs (74%) have ten tokens or less in CdE:Old, which really isn't enough to say anything about the verbs. And only 7 / 422 (about 2%) have 50 tokens or more.
Frequency CdE:Old # verbs % verbs Examples
50 tokens or more 7 2% mascullar, petrificar, rezongar
11-49 tokens 101 24% guarnecer, crepitar, ahuecar
1-10 tokens 177 42% fardar, precintar, trasuntar
0 tokens 136 32% vandalizar, aperturar, erupcionar


Without enough tokens of a given word, it is impossible to look at collocates ("nearby words") to say much about the meaning and usage of a word. For example, we have chosen (almost at random) a verb, noun, adjective, and adverb from CdE:New, to show how many different collocates occur with this word (at least three times as a lemma, between four words to the left and four words to the right of the node word) in CdE:New and CdE:Old. (You might need to manually reset the SEC 1 value to just the 1900s for the CdE:Old to get the correct type count.) As we see, CdE:New provides much better data to examine the meaning and usage of words.
lemma (PoS node:collocate) CdE:New CdE:Old
taladrar (VERB : NOUN) 169 1
bufanda (NOUN : NOUN) 323 3
puñetero (ADJ : NOUN) 296 1
intencionalmente (ADV : VERB) 419 1


Because CdE:New is about 100 times as large as the 1900s portion of the CdE:Old, it provides many more tokens for lower frequency syntactic constructions. The following shows the number of tokens in the two corpora for a number of different constructions. (You might need to manually reset the SEC 1 value to just the 1900s for the CdE:Old to get the correct type count.)
CdE:New CdE:Old search string explanation example(s)
591 12 la|las [hacer] [v*] el|la|los|las Accusative case for (FEM) agent in causative construction (see #68, 69, and #71) la hizo ver el verdadero sentido
852 5 parecen que [v*3p*] "Split subject raising" (see #64 and #65) parecen que tienen un diseño moderno
242 4 [anhelar] *r.[v*] se Clitic se does not climb with anhelar (see #61 and #70) anhelaba sentirse menos exigida
826 5 para ella|ellas [vr*] Lexical subject of infinitive (see #52) es fácil para ella hacer esta danza
42,887 207 [estar] siendo [vps*] Progressive + passive las ciudades están siendo fragmentadas